Diet for pancreatitis

Pancreatitis is a disease associated with inflammation of the pancreas. She, in turn, is a large organ located behind the stomach. Its main functions are the production of the hormone insulin and the enzymes necessary for the digestion of food.

The treatment of pancreatitis aims to treat the cause of the inflammation of this organ. Diet is the main stage of this process and is aimed at removing excess fats and other substances from the diet that cause disturbances in the functioning of the gland and the development of inflammation.

Why pancreatitis requires a special diet

Pancreatitis is one of the most common diseases and is accompanied by abdominal pain.

Signs and symptoms of inflammation of the pancreas include pain in the upper abdomen, nausea, and vomiting. As for the complications of the disease, they can lead to bleeding, the formation of gallstones, the development of diabetes and other problems associated with internal organs.

There are two main forms of pancreatitis - acute and chronic..

Acute pancreatitis can cause abdominal pain and fever, and these symptoms usually resolve within a few days. Chronic pancreatitis is fraught with weight loss, fatty stools, and diarrhea.

Both acute and chronic pancreatitis require treatment and dietary therapy.

The most common causes of acute pancreatitis are the formation of gallstones, as well as excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages.

The causes of the disease also include:

  • direct trauma to the pancreas;
  • taking certain medications;
  • infections such as mumps, as well as the development of tumors;
  • high levels of fat and calcium in the blood;
  • genetic diseases such as cystic fibrosis.

Chronic pancreatitis can develop following an acute form and is most often associated with long-term consumption of alcoholic beverages. Smoking increases the risk of developing acute and chronic forms of the disease.

Most doctors recommend a combination of diet, medication, and, if necessary, surgery for people with pancreatitis.

Foods low in fat and high in carbohydrates and protein reduce the load on the pancreas.

In addition, a diet with an increased amount of antioxidants helps prevent the development of disease due to the body's release of free radicals (unstable chemical particles) that damage pancreatic tissue.

General rules

With pancreatitis, the notion of fast food should disappear from your vocabulary

The goal of diet therapy is to avoid irritation of the pancreas by replenishing the body's nutrient needs.

With a diet associated with pancreatitis, it is not recommended:

  1. All refined foods such as pasta, sugar and fresh bread.
  2. Allergic foods, chemical additives, corn, canned and soy foods, and anything wheat-based due to gluten allergen.
  3. Trans fats are unsaturated fats found primarily in vegetable oils and heat-processed margarine. Foods high in trans fats include french fries, cakes and crackers.
  4. Cabbage, radish, spinach.
  5. Seasonings.
  6. Tobacco and alcohol.

Foods to increase in your diet:

  1. Cinnamon, ginger, ginseng, leafy and marine green vegetables rich in vitamin B and iron.
  2. Cherries, blueberries and tomatoes.
  3. Reishi mushroom, along with amla and rhodiola, are foods recommended in the treatment of pancreatitis due to their powerful antioxidant properties and high vitamin C content.
  4. Herbal teas - in particular, green tea and tulsi.

For pancreatitis, smaller meals per meal and more frequent meals throughout the day are recommended.

Sample menu for the week

Diet for pancreatitis can be quite tasty and satisfying

A diet for pancreatitis aimed at therapeutic returns can be quite tasty. If the start of the diet coincides with an exacerbation of the disease, then in the first days it is directed to reduce the load on the pancreas.

On the third day of the diet, unsweetened tea, as well as broths and liquid mash, can be included in the diet. From the fifth day, carrots and mashed potatoes are added. You can use pre-shredded river fish, not taken from finished products. It is also allowed to include milk and curd products in the diet.

For the first meal, vermicelli or pasta soup is suitable with the addition of fat-free sour cream if desired. Chicken and beef are allowed. Milk, cottage cheese, sour cream, hard cheese and kefir are allowed in fat-free and acid-free form.

White bread and low calorie biscuits are allowed. You can also make a steamed omelet. It is best to scroll turkey and veal meat through a meat grinder and use it as a base for a casserole.

It is allowed to use raisins and dried fruits.

In a weekly format, we offer the following menu option:

Monday

  1. Breakfast: cheese biscuits.
  2. Second breakfast: scrambled eggs, bread, tea.
  3. Lunch: buckwheat porridge, boiled pumpkin, cottage cheese.
  4. Afternoon snack: grated apple.
  5. Dinner: viscous porridge made from semolina, buckwheat, oats or rice groats, beet salad, baked apple.

Tuesday

  1. Breakfast: cottage cheese.
  2. Second breakfast: salad of peas and carrots.
  3. Lunch: beef with white bread.
  4. Dinner: vegetable soup, mashed apple or carrot, yogurt.

Wednesday

  1. Breakfast: apple, yogurt.
  2. Second breakfast: raisins, baked apple.
  3. Lunch: buckwheat, fish, bread.
  4. Dinner: vegetable soup, bread, dried apricots.

Thursday

  1. Breakfast: cottage cheese.
  2. Second breakfast: boiled meat, vegetable puree, kefir.
  3. Lunch: steam omelet, bread, rosehip broth.
  4. Dinner: a dish of rice and cottage cheese, yogurt.

Friday

  1. Breakfast: low-calorie biscuits, still mineral water.
  2. Second breakfast: stewed cutlets, beetroot salad.
  3. Lunch: simmered meat, pumpkin-carrot purée.
  4. Dinner: boiled rice, yogurt.

Saturday

  1. Breakfast: steamed omelet.
  2. Second breakfast: boiled meat, weak tea.
  3. Lunch: steamed rice, baked apples, decoction of wild rose.
  4. Dinner: rice with egg or fruit, yogurt.

Sunday

  1. Breakfast: cottage cheese.
  2. Second breakfast: lentil soup (with a constant weakening of the symptoms of the disease).
  3. Lunch: steamed chicken, applesauce.
  4. Dinner: boiled beets, boiled potatoes, steamed meat, tea.

In the kitchen, it is convenient to use a water bath. Eliminating fat from the diet also helps reduce excess weight.

The use of diets 5 and 5P

With pancreatitis, diet number 5 is very often prescribed.

Its main principles:

  • fatty and canned broths are prohibited;
  • food should be taken at medium temperature;
  • it is recommended to drink rosehip drinks;
  • the first and second courses should be chopped (for example, in a blender).

Featured products and dishes:

  • buckwheat grains;
  • steamed beef cutlets;
  • vegetable and milk soups with noodles;
  • boiled chicken fillet;
  • yesterday's white bread.

The 5P diet stimulates digestive processes and also reduces the amount of fats and carbohydrates in the diet.

It allows:

  • yesterday's wheat bread, biscuit biscuits;
  • soups on fruit and vegetable broths, pumpkin and zucchini;
  • meat dishes based on low-fat varieties of veal and chicken;
  • low-fat cottage cheese;
  • berry and sour cream sauces;
  • egg (no more than one piece per day);
  • non-acidic berries, fruits (preferably crushed);
  • sunflower and olive oil (in small quantities).

Prohibited:

  • smoked and fatty meat dishes;
  • mushrooms;
  • buns;
  • legumes;
  • spinach.

Scheme Features

For chronic pancreatitis

Boiled beef is excellent for chronic pancreatitis

Chronic pancreatitis is often associated with an increased production of gastric juice.To minimize the negative factors associated with pancreatic disorders, foods that stimulate its activity, contain an increased amount of carbohydrates and cause the pancreas to produce excess insulin are excluded from the diet. .

Boiled and lean beef, rabbit, fish are allowed. Non-acid cottage cheese, steamed scrambled eggs, yesterday's bread, vegetable and butter butter, apples baked from fruit and only milk-based sauces are allowed. Rice and semolina porridge - in milk with the addition of water.

Smoked meats, duck and mutton meat, carp and sturgeon are prohibited. You can not use pastries, mushrooms, marinades, spices and seasonings. Chocolate drinks, coffee, water with gas are prohibited. Pomegranates, beans, lettuce, cranberries, turnips and sorrel are also undesirable.

It is recommended to serve potatoes, green peas, zucchini, carrots, young beans.

With exacerbation of pancreatitis

Exacerbation of pancreatitis often develops when eating a large amount of fatty, fried, smoked foods and alcoholic beverages during the holidays. The development of the disease is also facilitated by the frequent consumption of fast food and stomach ulcers.

Inflammation of the pancreas during an exacerbation of the disease can provoke the development of diabetes mellitus, so the choice of food in this case should be carried out very carefully.. For example, during hospitalization with an exacerbation of pancreatitis, eating in the first days is completely excluded - this is necessary to restore the pancreas. Tea allowed, decoction of wild roses, hot mineral water.

On the third day, soups are introduced into the diet that do not contain dietary fiber and meat, fish, mushroom and vegetable extracts, as well as milk jelly and liquid cereals without oil. On the 6th day, the diet is expanded with the addition of jelly and steamed chicken cutlets.

When the pain subsides, a transition to normal eating occurs.

With pancreatitis and gastritis

Stew with rice is an important item of the menu for pancreatitis in combination with gastritis

Gastritis and pancreatitis occur today even in childhood. The widespread development of fast food and the abundance of sweet dishes put a strain on children's bodies.

In this type of disorder, rabbit and chicken meat cooked in buns and served with mashed potatoes is most useful. It is possible to use pike, carp, sea bream cooked in the form of pâté and cutlets.

Stews, rice and vegetables, especially carrots, also work well as diet foods. The dishes are served with refined oil, but without sauce.

Chocolate, cakes and black bread are prohibited.

For pancreatitis and colitis

If pancreatitis is associated with colitis, steamed cutlets should be on the menu

Sometimes pancreatitis, especially in its chronic form, is the result of problems with the immune system attacking the pancreas. This disease is known as "autoimmune pancreatitis".

In many cases of autoimmune pancreatitis, ulcerative colitis (Crohn's disease) develops, causing inflammation of the digestive system.With pancreatitis and colitis, it is necessary to eat foods that contain protein and carbohydrates and do not irritate the mucous membranes of the digestive system.. Only easily digestible fats (vegetable and butter) can be present in food.

Cutlets should be steamed, soups are used only mashed, potatoes, vegetables and fruits should be sieved and steamed, served mashed.

With pancreatitis and cholecystitis

Cholecystitis is an inflammation of the gallbladder, sometimes causing pancreatitis.

In this type of disorder, it is important to eat cooked protein foods.. Yesterday's bread, honey, homemade cottage cheese are allowed, vegetable soups, egg white omelettes can be eaten. Juices should only be drunk non-acidic.

All smoked, salty, fried and spicy dishes are excluded, as well as fresh bakery products, millet, corn, barley with margarine, legumes. Fatty fish (trout, catfish, pink salmon), fatty or smoked meats, marinades and cream are not recommended. Also, you can not eat sour berries, figs, soda, grapes, alcohol, cocoa and chocolate.

The time of use of the diet and its calorie content

In the chronic form of the disease, the diet is prescribed for several years, and in its acute form - for 6-9 months. The calorie content of the diet is about 2600-2800 kcal, depending on the person's age, body weight and gender.

The required caloric content of the diet can be found in special reference books or from your doctor.

Diet for pancreatitis is the main method of treatment, because only a special supportive diet can relieve the pancreas. Maintaining a healthy body weight is also very important, as obesity can increase the risk of developing pancreatitis, exacerbate the severity of its symptoms and exacerbate its complications.

It is very important to avoid foods containing sugar in case of high blood sugar, as well as excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages and tobacco, as this increases the risk of developing pancreatitis and the likelihood of acute attacks in case of chronic disease.